Saturday, June 13, 2020

A Complete Guide On Anxiety Disorders

What is Anxiety Disorder?

The imbalance of fear and anxiety causes anxiety disorder. Using your imagination in worrying is also known as anxiety. A group of different simple or dangerous mental disorders that leads to severe mental diseases and ends up as depression. 

Worrying about your future events, or anything and having a constant fear of little things turns out to be an anxiety disorder. 

These different feelings cause great dangerous effects on your mental and health state, it can be physical as shakiness, sudden increase of heart rate, panic attacks and other diseases.  It is normally possible that one individual can have more than one anxiety disorders.

What causes Anxiety Disorder?

The basic causes of anxiety disorders are the environmental or genetic factors as in worrying about what people will think of your actions or it can be in your gene etc. The rising risk factors nowadays are child abuse, rapes, sexual or non-sexual abuse, family issues, poverty, worrying over little things etc. 

It can also be formed from other mental diseases or personality disorders. Typically the symptoms of anxiety disorders should be present in a person for over 6 months so then it can be determined if a person has this disease or not.  

It decreases the functionality and creativity of the person in their daily life. Anxiety disorder is another type of fear or anxiety but is different from them and kind of dangerous.

How to get rid of Anxiety Disorder?

It is not always a bad thing but when it becomes your creativity’s obstacle or stops you from growing and becomes a daily struggle then it needs to be stopped. Take control over this disorder by applying these simple tips.

        Stay active as this is not a short-term relief but it gives you the motivation to get over your anxiety and fight with it. How can you stay active? Just exercise and make a routine for yourself and act upon it, it may seem hard at first but, duh, you can do this.


        If you smoke or drink alcohol then stop it. It decreases your creating ability and even pushes you to remember the deepest regret of your life.


        Get proper sleep. Set your routine and just at least sleep for a night for 8 hours.

        Meditate and try keeping a healthy diet. meditation gives your inner motivation that an anxiety disorder person needs on a daily basis and a healthy diet helps you fight with it by maintaining your body fit and strong.

How to stop panic attacks caused by anxiety disorder?

Panic attacks are normally surges of intense fear, panic, anxiety and are basically sudden. The people have these attacks problem have difficulty and breathing problems, sweating, heart increasing or decreasing problems.

 Use deep breaths.

 Remember you are having a panic attack but not a heart attack and you can get over it.

 Close your eyes and try staying calm.

 While you are having a panic attack just try focusing on a single object and think about it and the only thing you can do is stay in peace.

 Use relaxation tips and exercise on a daily basis.

 Drink juices and picture your favourite and calm place so you can stay calm.

Main Types of Anxiety Disorder

      Generalized Anxiety Disorder

This disorder is caused by excessive worry over different things. People who have this disorder normally are overly concerned about family, work, money, health and other things. They worry about past events or sometimes about their future life.

     Social Anxiety

It is also referred to as ‘social phobia’, a sort of anxiety sickness that arises in different social settings. People with this disorder have trouble speaking and meeting new people, as well as attending any social gatherings. 


They fear being judged or scrutinized by the others around them. Such people realize that their fears are irrational or unreasonable; however, they are powerless to overcome them on their own.


    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder or ‘OCD’ is one in which people experience recurring, unwanted thoughts or sensations termed as their obsessions. These thoughts or sensations make them do something repetitively. 


The repetitive behaviours, such as repeated hand washing, or compulsive cleaning, can substantially intervene with a person’s everyday activities.


    Panic Disorder

Panic disorder occurs as a form of sudden panic attacks. These panic attacks often occur due to an unexpected panic-inducing scenario in which you feel endangered, triggering the body’s fight-or-flight response. 


The most common physical symptoms are racing or pounding heart, difficulty in breathing, intense sweating, and the feeling that you’re dying or going crazy.


    Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD can arise in people who've gone through or witnessed a traumatic experience, such as an accident, a robbery, war, or different violent sexual and physical assaults. 


Sufferers of PTSD frequently relive the traumatic event in the form of disturbing nightmares and flashbacks, and they may also experience insomnia, difficulty in concentrating, irritability and guilt.


    Agoraphobia

In this disorder an excessive feeling of fear, which makes people avoid situations, events or conditions that can make them feel embarrassed, helpless, or threatened. 


People with agoraphobia are usually afraid of being outside, using public transportation, crossing a bridge or being in crowded places alone. People who experience intense agoraphobia are often afraid to go roam around even in their own homes.

    Selective Mutism

This complex disorder appears in children at a young age. It is characterized by a child’s inability to talk and speak in social settings. 

These kids are not able to speak in front of certain people or social settings this triggers a freeze reaction in them with emotions of panic, like a bad case of stage fright and talking becomes impossible for them. 

However, kids with selective Mutism can speak freely to people from family and close friends, as well as in comfortable settings.

Causes of Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorders often occur due to a list of reasons including health conditions, or by substance abuse. For different people, there are different reasons for the emergence of their anxiety disorders. Following are some of the main reasons for anxiety disorders:

     Illness

Chronic illness makes people miserable, they lose hope of ever getting better. Illness along with depression and stress is the most common factor of causing an anxiety disorder. Effects of medication are also anxiety-inducing.


    Heart Disease

A chronic condition such as heart disease is associated with anxiety conditions. This can mimic anxiety-like conditions such as palpitation and heart-pounding which causes people a lot of discomfort and stress.


    Diabetes

Diabetics are struggling with a lifelong disease. They have to administer insulin and cannot lead a normal life. Always worrying about their sugar intake can cause anxiety in them.


    Thyroid Problems

Often times an overactive thyroid can also present symptoms of anxiety disorders.


    Social Issues and Problems

Any societal pressure can cause emotional turmoil, stress and panic following an anxiety disorder.


    Environmental issues

Our surrounding environment is facing several shifts; people can feel under constant threat due to the ever-emerging new environmental issues. 


Living is a dangerous neighbourhood, extreme parental issues, difficulties at the workplace, drug abuse are some specific environmental issues that cause anxiety disorders.

    Financial Crunches

Financial instability can lead to a stressful life on your own and if you’re raising a family it can lead to constant pressure. This fear of not being able to provide to your family financially can induce anxiety.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder

 1. Extensive Worrying- A common symptom is extensive or overworking. People try to forget their anxiety by overworking which eases their mind.

2. Agitation and Restlessness- People with anxiety disorders are always on the edge. They can’t see to rest, as resting causes a surge in their panic and anxiety.

3. Mental Fatigue- Constantly being under anxiety and stress causes mental fatigue in sufferers of anxiety. They can get easily agitated.

4. Irritability- They often experience increased irritability as they are under the constant feeling of worry.

5. Body Pain- Experiencing body aches and fatigue is another common symptom of anxiety.

6. Staying asleep- Often patients remain in their rooms sleeping for hours. They lose track of time and can sleep for hours at a time.

7. Panic attacks- The most common physical symptom is a panic attack. A sudden pounding heart, difficulty in breathing, intense sweating, and the feeling that you’re going to pass out are all experienced in a panic attack.

Treatment for Anxiety Disorder

Various combinations of treatments are used to deal with anxiety disorders. These treatments may include: consist of a combination of psychotherapy, counselling, and medication.

  Psychotherapy and Counseling- Standard treatment for anxiety is psychotherapy and counselling. Talk with a therapist who is supportive and understanding, helps a lot. Therapists also try and limit uncontrolled fears and thinking. They use various techniques to change the way a person reacts to different objects or situations that triggers their anxiety.


  The use of Medication- Treating an underlying health condition is necessary to help with a person’s anxiety. Therapists often prescribe medication like antidepressants, beta-blockers, and benzodiazepines for relaxation or lessening stress.


   Exercise and Yoga- Several studies have shown that exercising and meditation helps in lowering stress and anxiety. These also help in improving concentration and giving a person a healthy hobby to improve their lifestyle.

   Workout at Home can reduce anxiety- Working out at home and physical exertion can help reduce stress improve a person’s self-image. It also stimulates the brain to release chemicals that promote positive feelings and thinking.

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